Financial planning for college: What to know before you start saving
Find out what to consider as you set a savings goal for your child’s education, and begin this long-term financial journey.
Even if your child’s college years are far off, the prospect of planning for education expenses can feel overwhelming.
College costs are significant, and they continue to rise at a pace faster than inflation. But those who start financial planning for their child’s education early are more prepared when the time comes.
An Ameriprise financial advisor will help you develop a personalized financial plan to help you reach this goal, while also balancing it with other financial priorities.
As you begin the financial planning process for your child’s college education, here are a few things to think about.
In this article:
Though the cost of higher education keeps rising, it continues to offer a significant return on investment. College graduates today earn nearly a third more on average than those without a college degree, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.1
Note: Data are for persons age 25 and older. Earnings are for full-time wage and salary workers. Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey
The “real” cost of college
The average cost of college has increased significantly over the past several decades, with expenses generally growing faster than the rate of inflation.2
|Public, four-year university, in-state||Public, four-year university, out-of-state||Private nonprofit, four-year college or university|
|Published charges for tuition. fees, room & board, 2022-2023||$23,250||$40,550||$53,430|
Source: College Board, Trends in College Pricing 2022, Table CP-1; costs based on full-time enrollment
There are also expenses beyond tuition and room and board to consider when financial planning for your child’s education. This includes books, technology and transportation. Even counting all that, the actual cost of attendance isn't always obvious because many families don't pay the advertised price. Luckily, schools are now required to have a net price calculator on their websites where you can get a breakdown of the real cost of attendance.
What’s the most common way to pay for college? The largest single source of college funding for most American families still comes from parents’ income and savings, followed by scholarships and grants and borrowing, according to a 2021 survey conducted by student loan provider Sallie Mae.3
Consider your expectations for your child when it comes to helping cover the cost of college. How might you expect them to contribute? After all, there will be other financial goals, like your retirement, that take precedent over saving for education
Save for retirement first
Even if you’ve decided to help pay for your child’s college expenses, prioritize saving for retirement first. Remember: You can’t borrow to fund your retirement years.
Education savings accounts, such as a 529 plan, can go a long way toward helping to reach your financial planning goals, but the money you contribute needs time to grow.
By starting to financially plan for college early, you’ll not only give yourself and your child more options when it comes to financing their education, you’ll also give yourself options when it comes to your other financial priorities.
No parent can know for sure if their child will attend a private or public school, what they’ll study, or if they’ll earn a scholarship. At this point, you can make an educated guess about a savings goal — then prepare to adjust as a child’s goals may change down the road.
- Use our college savings calculator to get a sense of what your child’s higher education expenses may be and how much you may need to start saving to get there.
Potential gifts from families
As you think about your expected contribution to your child’s education, it’s also smart to think about other familial contributions. For example, have your child’s grandparents expressed interest in helping to finance a part of their education? If so, you’ll need to consider different strategies to use this contribution most effectively.
- Learn more: Tax strategies for college savings and gifting
Once you arrive at an amount to save for your education goal, you can determine the investment and savings vehicles you’ll use as part of your financial strategy.
Additionally, it’s not premature to think about what role, if any, financial aid and student loans will have in funding your child’s higher education. You won’t need to decide on this until the year before your child goes to school but having a general understanding of how the process works can help inform your journey.
When you’re ready to reach out to an Ameriprise financial advisor for a complimentary initial consultation, consider bringing these questions to your meeting.
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Let’s create a financial strategy for your student’s education
With time, planning and the help of your Ameriprise financial advisor, you’ll understand how much you’ll need for future education costs and create a financial strategy to help reach those goals.
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1 US. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey, May 2023
2 Education Data Initiative, “Average Cost of College & Tuition,” April 2023
3 Sallie Mae, “How America Pays for College 2021”
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Clients contributing to a 529 Plan offered by a state in which they are not a resident, should consider, before investing, whether their, or their designated beneficiary(s) home state offers any state tax or other state benefits such as financial aid, scholarship funds or protection from creditors that are only available for investments in such state’s qualified tuition program.
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