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Understanding your Social Security benefits

When it comes to Social Security, there is a lot to consider. Social Security is often associated with a retirement program, but you may enroll if you become disabled or lose a family member. Take a look at the diagrams below for information on how to make the right choices for you and your family.

social security card close up

When should I start collecting Social Security benefits?

The answer is different for every person and depends on many individual factors like your date of birth, marital status and financial position. 

The longer you wait to start collecting Social Security, the higher your monthly benefit will be. An Ameriprise financial advisor can help you determine the best time for you based on your financial situation and goals. 


What is my full retirement age?

Your full Social Security retirement age depends on the year you were born. If you were born on January 1 of any year, refer to the previous year to determine your full retirement age.1


 Year of birth 

 Retirement Age

1943-1954 66 years old
1955 66 +2 months years old
1956 66 +4 months years old
1957 66 +6 months years old
1958 66 +8 months years old
1959 66 +10 months years old
1960 67 years old



How do my Social Security benefits change if I retire early or late?

As life changes and priorities shift, you may wish to retire before or after your full retirement age. Your Ameriprise advisor can help you determine the best choice for you. Retiring early locks you into lower monthly payments and will decrease your lifetime benefit amount. Retiring later increases your monthly payment and the amount you will receive over your lifetime.


Can I receive the Social Security benefits of my spouse?

As the spouse of someone receiving benefits, you may be able to claim benefits based on their income, even if you have never worked under Social Security. You may be eligible for benefits if you are:



Can I collect benefits on behalf of my child?

You may be able to claim benefits if the child you are caring for fits the following criteria:




Can my children receive Social Security benefits?

A child who has a parent who is disabled or retired and entitled to Social Security benefits may also be eligible for benefits if he or she is:




Am I eligible for survivor’s benefits?

You may be eligible for survivor's benefits if you are:


How does my military service or government employment affect my Social Security?

As a veteran or government employee, your Social Security benefits may differ from others:




Can I still work and collect Social Security benefits?

You can collect Social Security benefits while working, starting at age 62. However, your age and earnings may impact the amount of benefits you receive during that time. Working won't permanentaly reduce the Social Security benefits you receive, nor will your withheld benefits disappear.

Once you reach full retirement age:

  • Your monthly benefit will increase, taking into account prior benefits detained due to earnings.
  • Extra income no longer decreases your benefits.

If you work and collect Social Security when you are:




These types of income are exempt from the Social Security earning limit:



*If you work for someone else, only your wage amount applies to earnings limits. If you're self-employed, only your net earning count.


Does Social Security allow for inflation or cost of living increases?

The Social Security Administration can enact yearly benefit increases called cost-of-living adjustments (COLA) based on inflation. Since 1975, COLAs have ranged from 14.3% (1980) to 0.0% (2009, 2010, 2015). Your advisor can help you identify other sources of income when Social security inflation adjustments are low.


Cost of Living Adjustment


2020 1.6%
2019 1.6%
2018 2.8%
2017 2.0%



When and how do I apply for Social Security?

An Ameriprise advisor can help you navigate the process for Social Security



You can currently apply for Social Security in the following ways:




Our advisors can help

If you have any questions about Social Security, your Ameriprise advisor can help you understand all aspects of your benefits and help you live confidently so if your life changes, your plan can too.

Take another look at what’s possible. Find the right advisor.

Or, request an appointment online to speak with an advisor.


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Background and qualification information is available at FINRA's BrokerCheck website.

1Source: Social Security Administration

This information is being provided only as a general source of information and is not intended to be used as a primary basis for investment decisions, nor should it be construed as advice designed to meet the particular needs of an individual investor.

Ameriprise Financial, Inc. and its affiliates do not offer tax or legal advice. Consumers should consult with their tax adviser or attorney regarding their specific situation.

Ameriprise Financial Services, LLC. Member FINRA and SIPC.